Brown University In Rape & Extortion Scandal

A sealed civil case has been filed in federal court accusing the University, President Ruth Simmons, Provost David Kertzer ’69 P’95 P’98, Senior Vice President for Corporation Affairs and Governance Russell Carey ’91 MA’06 and several other University employees of “acts tantamount to criminality,” false imprisonment, fraud and conspiracy to defraud, libel and 10 other counts of civil misconduct.

The claims stem from a September 2006 incident in which a former member of the class of 2010 was accused of raping a female student.

The female student and her father are accused in the complaint of extortion, fraud and conspiracy to defraud, libel and four other counts of civil misconduct. The Herald is withholding her name because she may have been the victim of a sex crime.

A complaint obtained by The Herald and filed in Rhode Island Superior Court last September on behalf of the plaintiffs — William McCormick III and his parents — alleges that pressure from University employees and the female student’s friends over several days led her to make a false accusation of rape against the plaintiff.

The complaint states that though an accusation of rape — which can carry a sentence of up to life in prison in Rhode Island — had been made, law enforcement officials were never notified of the matter.

This series of events has allegedly aggravated McCormick’s preexisting seizure condition. He and his parents are seeking unspecified damages from the defendants.

McCormick’s parents declined to comment and said their son could not be reached for comment.

The case was originally filed Sept. 4, 2009, in Rhode Island Superior Court, but according to a source familiar with the matter, the defendants removed it to the United States District Court for the District of Rhode Island.

The source requested anonymity because there is an order from a federal judge sealing the case and the source was worried about potential legal consequences.

In an unusual move, the federal case, number 09-474-S, has been placed completely under seal. No publicly available record of that case, or the case originally filed in State Superior Court, number 09-5213, exists.

The complaint alleges that “financial self-interest” guided the University’s handling of the incident because the female student’s father, an alum, “has donated and raised very substantial sums of money for Brown.”

It asserts that the University was “desirous of keeping (the female student) content in the Brown community,” causing it to disregard its own policies and the well-being of the plaintiff.

The plaintiffs allege that the female student’s father was “in regular contact with the administration, including calling defendants Russell Carey and Ruth Simmons directly.”

The complaint alleges that, under pressure from friends and University officials, the female student eventually escalated initial “exaggerations and half-truths” about her relationship with the plaintiff to a false allegation of rape.

According to the complaint, the plaintiff and the female student came to be on friendly terms during the first days of their freshman year. But friends of the female student allegedly referred to him as her “stalker.”

The roommate of the female student allegedly encouraged her to express her concerns about a “ ‘creepy’ guy” to their Residential Counselor — a member of the class of 2009 — though the female student did not provide McCormick’s identity at that time. The RC allegedly then referred the matter to the Community Director on-call at the time.

The Community Director then referred the matter to Carla Hansen, associate dean of student life, who, according to the complaint, convinced the female student to meet with a special victims advocate at the Department of Public Safety.

Hansen, the advocate, and Director of Public Safety Mark Porter are all named as defendants in the case. In a phone interview with The Herald, Porter denied any knowledge of the case.

The complaint states that despite the female student’s resistance to pursuing the matter, she eventually acceded to pressure from University employees to divulge McCormick’s name, an act which compelled her to file a written complaint.

McCormick was then served a “no-contact order” by Associate Dean of Student Life Terry Addison, according to the complaint, and “in violation of Brown policies, he was not provided a copy of the complaint, nor was he told the substance of the allegations.”

The plaintiffs allege that the female student “felt that the Deans were ‘yelling at her’ ” and “pressing her to add to complaints about” McCormick. Friends of the female student then allegedly confronted her and, despite her denials, concluded that she had been raped, according to the complaint.

The complaint states that the female student stated in a subsequent conversation with the friends and the Residential Counselor that she had been raped.

The female student and resident advisor then met with Jonah Ward, now senior associate dean for student life, and Richard Bova, now senior associate dean of residential and dining services, according to the complaint. The RC allegedly spoke on behalf of the female student at the meeting and wrote the University claim alleging rape on her behalf.

The complaint states that, “in violation of its own policies, Brown accepted (the female student’s) new allegation of rape as true and refused to provide of a copy of the complaint to” McCormick. Ward, Bova and the RC are all named as defendants in the case.

The complaint alleges that the plaintiff was detained unlawfully at the Office of Student Life for several hours the next day. The complaint states that McCormick then met with Carey, Ward, Addison and Margaret Klawunn, now vice president for campus life and student services, who collectively compelled him to leave campus. It states that Carey handed the student a one-way plane ticket home.

Klawunn, who is named as a defendant, declined to comment and said she had no knowledge of the matter.

After McCormick’s return home, University officials allegedly “actively interfered” with his “ability to expose the truth and exonerate himself,” by obstructing his access to documents and witnesses, according to the complaint.

In an e-mail to The Herald, Marisa Quinn, vice president for public affairs and University relations, wrote, “Matters related to students and former students are private and confidential.”

Kertzer declined to comment in an e-mail to The Herald. Simmons, Carey, Bova, Ward, Hansen and Addison did not return requests for comment.

The complaint alleges that the female student and her father were complicit in “extortion” of the former student “by threatening to accuse (McCormick) of a crime or other offense with the intent to compel him to sign an agreement to waive his rights and sacrifice his scholarship and Ivy League education.”

J. Scott Kilpatrick, the Providence lawyer listed as the author of the complaint, acknowledged that he is the McCormicks’ attorney but said that, under the present circumstances, he could neither confirm nor deny the existence of any case.

According to the source familiar with the case, there will be some type of proceeding before District Judge William Smith at 11 a.m. Monday. Smith’s calendar, posted on the district court’s Web site, does not include an item at that time.

The Divorce Process In Arkansas

Arkansas is a Protestant majority state with 78% of the population being Evangelical Protestant. Politically speaking, the state of Arkansas is a Democrat stronghold. It is affiliated to conservative mores. Recently, about 74% of the people in Arkansas voted to ban gay marriages and the state has a legislation prohibiting abortion. For the last few decades, Arkansas continuously retained a divorce rate that stood exceptionally above the national average. It is a regular feature in the list of ten states having highest divorce rates. Arkansas has a marriage rate almost double that of the national average (75.5 weddings per thousand single women), yet it also has a surprisingly high divorce rate. The divorce rate stood at 6.9/1000 population in 1990 which marginally reduced to 6.1/1000 population by 2004. In 1998, Arkansas had a high Out-of-Wedlock birth rate of 35.1% and the nation’s second highest Teen Birth Rate of 18.6%. The rate of cohabitation in Arkansas is also very high, with the level of Unmarried-Couple Households being 3.6%. As per the US Census Bureau, the median age at first marriage in Arkansas, for men is 25.0 years and for women it is 22.8 years. The state economy is predominantly agrarian. Per capita income wise it stands to be the 47th state in the country. Thus, low household incomes and early marriages are fueling the divorce rate like anything. The state authorities plan to reduce the divorce rate to half by 2010. However, steps like a long waiting period for a no-fault divorce (18 months), legal provisions for covenant marriage and premarital education have failed to deliver the desired results.

In order to file a Complaint for Divorce in a Chancery Court in Arkansas, one has to fulfill certain residency requirements. The residency requirements state that either of the spouses should be a resident of Arkansas for at least 60 days just prior to the filing of the complaint. The divorce shall not be settled before the lapse of a 3-month waiting period exactly after the filing of the complaint (Arkansas Code: Title 9- Chapter: 12-301). The spouse who files the initial complaint is known as the Complainant. The spouse on whom the complaint is served is called the Defendant. The complaint shall be filed in the county in which the complainant resides. If the complainant is not a resident of Arkansas and the defendant happens to be one, then the complaint shall be filed in the county in which the latter resides. The court may transfer the proceedings to any other county, as per its discretion (Arkansas Code: Title 9- Chapter: 12-303).

The Arkansas law has the provisions for both a fault- and a no-fault divorce. The various fault-based Arkansas grounds for divorce are impotency, adultery, addiction, conviction for crime, cruelty, incurable insanity, etc. The only no-fault ground for divorce is a separation without cohabitation for a period of 18 months (Arkansas Code: Title 9- Chapter: 12-301).

Regarding division of property, Arkansas is an equitable distribution state. Following a divorce, the court divides all the marital property equitably amongst the two parties, as deemed just and fair by it. While doing so, the court considers various factors such as the age and the health of the two spouses, income and liabilities, length of the marriage, employability, etc. Marital property comprises of all the property acquired by the spouses after the marriage, except the one acquired by gift, bequest, devise or descent or a property acquired in exchange for such a property (Arkansas Code- Title 9- Chapter: 12-315).

The court may grant alimony to either of the two spouses, to be paid in fixed installments over a definite time period, after considering the situation and circumstances of the two spouses. The liability for alimony shall cease to exist under certain circumstances (Arkansas Code: Title 9- Chapter: 12-312).

In a divorce suit involving minor children, the court may require the parents to attend the parenting classes. The child custody is decided, keeping in view the best interest of the child, without giving any consideration to the sex of a parent. The court may grant a joint custody. In case of a sole custody, the non-custodial parent is often granted the visitation rights. A non-custodial parent with visitation rights also has the right to the child’s academic records. In some situations, the custody may be granted to the grandparents. The court also takes into consideration the preferences of a child while deciding the visitation issues. Under Arkansas Law, brothers and sisters, grandparents and great grandparents may be extended the visitation rights.

The court may order either of the two parents to pay for child support. The child support is calculated in accordance with the Child Support Guidelines, which are revised at least once every four years. The court may deviate from the Child Support Guidelines, so as to do justice to the needs and welfare of a child.

Webucation Is Poised To Be The Internet’s Next Mega Trend

Webucation is education and knowledge delivered 100% via the Internet and is going to change forever how we view the process of acquiring information. There are no books, high tuition costs or travel time. Webucation is allowing more people from more walks of life the opportunity to acquire the knowledge that we all so richly deserve.

Webucation is taking knowledge and education to a level of accessibility and affordability that has never before been experienced. Anyone who has on-line access is perfectly positioned to participate in and take advantage of the Internet’s next mega trend.

The great thing about this technology is that you can operate a webucation-related business, or receive an education, from anywhere in the world. Take for example, the unfortunate people of New Orleans. If you owned a “brick and mortar” business in that city, the future of that business would, unfortunately, be looking rather bleak. People with an online platform; however, could have their enterprises up and running in days. And some would never even miss a minute of operation.

Overhead and operating expenses are a fraction of the cost of “brick and mortar” businesses, allowing the operator to enjoy larger, more direct margins. Further, the end-user benefits in that they can afford an educational product at a reasonable price. It’s a win-win for all those involved.

Peter Drucker (Forbes Magazine) has this to say about webucation: “The growth for education and training will be in continuing adult education. Online delivery is the trigger for this growth, but the demand for lifetime education stems from profound changes in society. We live in an economy where knowledge, not buildings and machinery, is the chief resource and where knowledge-workers make up the biggest part of the work force.”

If you have ever wished that you could just once be in the right place at the right time, you should seriously consider webucation itself, or marketing a webucation product. With the number of online users growing every day, the market is limitless and the opportunities are endless.

The Best Online Slot Machines Around

Slot machines have always been stalwarts of casinos. This is because it is a game for people who just don’t want to think much and just want to drop coins and pull a lever. That’s why slot machines also became stalwarts of online casinos. Here are what we consider to be the best online slot machines you can find and play. Note: this information changes often. What could be a great game could disappear by tomorrow!

Best Online Classic Slots:
Safecracker is the best among all the classic slots out there. This is because it gives the person a higher jackpot of 20,000 coins. The range of the bet is a quarter to 5 dollars. The maximum you could play is 3 coins per spin. In a single spin the amount hat can be won is $5000 and $20,000 for three spins. It also offers mid range payouts.

High 5 is a classic 3 wheel slot machine that has 1 pay line. Your winnings are multiplied depending on the number of high 5 symbols you get. Get one and your winning is multiplied by 5 times, get tow and it is multiplied 25 times. The coins that can be used can be from a quarter to 5 dollars. You have a choice of betting 1 to 3 coins per spin. The top jackpot is 15,000 coins.

Best Online Multi Line Slots:
Flower power may sound all girly because it offers winning up to 1000 coins only. However, the logic here is that the lower the coin purses the more chances you’ll be winning. You will be able to hit a lot of winning combinations because it has more than one pay line.

Best Online 5 Reel Slots:
Thunderstruck may sound like something form an adult movie but it’s one of the best 5 reel slots out there. This is because it offers a unique bonus feature (I’m not talking about the XXX features). With this slot, it is possible to get a free spin bonus round that has 3 times multiplier. This slot machine has 5 reels and 9 pay lines.

The minimum coins needed are only 1 cent up to a dollar range. You can play 5 coins per line. If you are able to hit more than 3 scattered rams you are given 15 free spins. If you hit the rams again while playing your free spin, you’ll be able to get free spins again. This makes your total free spins 30. All wins on free games are actually tripled.

If you hit a wild Thor your winnings can be multiplied 6 times. This can make potential winnings reach $150,000. Then you can also click the gamble button to double or quadruple your wins.

Best Online Bonus Feature Slots:
Lucky Charmer has a second screen bonus feature that makes it fun to play. You will choose between 3 musical pipes and the charmer plays your choice if you are able to reach the bonus round. The object that rises out of the baskets will be the one to determine your winnings. To be able to activate the feature round you must be able to hit the King Cobra at the third pay line.

Best Online Progressive Jackpot Slots:
Major Millions is a three reel and three pay lines that can give you winnings amounting to $250,000. However the jackpot can be reached only if you bet $3 per spin.

Rags to Riches looks like the Wheel of Fortune. There will be 3 symbols of rags to riches to start the jackpot wheel. The minimum amount to be won is $100,000. The amount needed to bet per spin is $3.

Enjoy the slots!

Ways To Prevent Your Dog From Unwanted Urination

Problems with inappropriate urination are some of the most commonly encountered by dog owners. As a matter of fact, inappropriate urination and defecation is the most frequently cited reason that owners surrender their animals to shelters.

Before you can address problems with inappropriate urination, it is important to understand the basis of the problem. There are several reasons why dogs lose control of their bladders, and it is important to know the root cause of the problem before it can be properly addressed.

Problem #1 – Excitement Urination

Dogs often urinate when they become overly excited, and dogs that are otherwise perfectly housebroken sometimes show their excitement by dribbling urine when greeting you excitedly. It is normal for some dogs to urinate when they get excited, and this can be a particular problem for many older dogs.

A lot of excitement induced urination occurs in young puppies, and it is caused by a lack of bladder control. The puppy may not even know he is urinating, and punishment will simply confuse him. Becoming angry with the puppy will quickly cause excitement urination to morph into submissive urination, thus compounding the problem. As the puppy gets older and develops better bladder control, this type of excitement urination should disappear.

The best cure for excitement urination is prevention. Preventing your dog from becoming over excited is the best way to control this problem behavior. If your dog is excited by a particular stimulus or situation, it is important to repeatedly expose him to that situation until it no longer causes excessive excitement.

Problem #2 – Submissive Urination

Submissive urination is a natural part of pack behavior among animals like dogs and wolves. The submissive member of the pack shows his or her submissiveness by lowering itself and urinating. Since dogs are pack animals, they may show their submissiveness to their owner, who they regard as the pack leader, by exhibiting this submissive urination.

Dogs who exhibit submissive urination are usually showing their insecurity. Unsocial zed and previously abused dogs often exhibit submissive urination. These dogs need to be shown that there are more appropriate ways to express their submissive status, such as shaking hands or licking the owner’s hand.

The best way to deal with submissive urination problems is often to ignore the urination. Trying to reassure the dog can give the mistaken impression that you approve of the behavior, while scolding the dog can make the submissive urination worse.

Correcting problems with submissive urination should be directed at building the dog’s confidence and teaching him other ways to show his respect. Teaching the dog to lift his paw, sit on command, or similar obedience commands, is a great way to direct the dog’s respect in a more appropriate direction.

Problems with urination are not always easy to deal with, but it is important to be consistent, and to always reward acceptable behavior on the part of the dog. When urination problems do occur, it is always a good idea to first rule out any medical conditions that could be causing those problems. Medical issues like bladder infections can be the root cause of problems with unwanted urination.

After any medical problems have been ruled out, it is important to determine what is causing the problem, and treat it appropriately. While it can be tempting to punish the dog for inappropriate elimination, doing so will only confuse and further intimidate him.

How To Stop Bullying In 5 Simple Steps

Put a Stop to Bullying in Five Simple Steps.

This harmful behavior is familiar to us all. We have all been bullied, been a bully or have seen some poor soul be bullied. Regardless of what aspect we have had to deal with, it hurts us just the same. We would like to think that as adults we no longer have to deal with this problem, but all too often it carries into adult relationships too. At work, in social settings and in our personal and public relationships. The lucky ones amongst us have been blessed with a good sense of self or some good tools passed down by our family or mentors. For others it continues to hamper their personal growth, dim their personal happiness and suppress the ability to reach their full potential in work, love and creative pursuits.

Step No 1.

Awareness is key!! Start education and empathy building techniques at a young age.
Make your child mindful of the kind of harm and long lasting effects hard words or heavy hands can cause. Use an image of a loved sibling or friend being treated in this way. Put your child in the victim’s role or share a personal story that deeply affected you in some way. Encourage your child to celebrate their peer’s differences and challenge them to learn something new from a classmate. This promotes understanding and takes away the quick response to belittle or judge the unfamiliar or “odd’ they see in others.

Step No 2.

It is helpful to make it clear to your child that it is not only cruel and unacceptable to bully others, but that they themselves should also never condone such behavior. By doing so, they allow the bully to think that this form of abuse is okay or not unusual in any way. Make bullying uncool!
This can be achieved by explaining that most bullies act out in this manner as a result of feeling insecure, feeling powerless, or possibly stemming from some personal failure/inadequacy.
Often it may stem from being bullied themselves.

Step No.3

Teach your child to never suffer in silence. Tell someone. Whether it be teacher, parent , mentor or friend, never let them suffer alone. This is why bullying continues to be an ongoing problem, and often takes place over a long period of time. The majority of those either subjected to this treatment or witness to it, are often either scared to bring it to someone’s attention in fear of worse reprisal or being made to endure even worse punishments themselves for bringing the problem to light. Educators and parents can only address issues that they are aware of and are quite quick and happy to do so if only made informed.

Step No 4.

If your child has been a victim of bullying, inform the school immediately.
Start an anti-bullying campaign at your child’s school and give the students free reign and creativity. This is an excellent way to take bullying out of the closet and give the power back to all students as a whole. The more of their own ideas, slogans, and artwork that they produce on their own, the more they will embrace the idea. Regular talks in class, however brief , touching on this topic will keep the idea alive and encouraging children to air their feelings or solutions will make those that are bullied feel less alone. Praise or recognition for those that have worked
for or acted in a way that suppresses bullying should be commonplace.

Step No 5.

Lastly, involve your child in activities with like minded children. Whenever possible encourage group interactions. Focus on the traits that your child enjoys or excels at whether it be sport minded, academic based or in a creative path. This could be music, drawing, poetry, crafts, etc. The creative pursuits have the added bonus of letting the person involved in them express emotions and feelings. When children interact in a group hobby, task or activity, it promotes team work, empathy and a sense of belonging.

Why being a stripper at night can be your exercise for the day?

Have you seen any fat strippers? Saying no will not be entirely correct but mostly Los Angeles strippers have amazing body mostly because the city of Los Angeles is by the beach and many people are into fitness. They look hot and sexy wearing any kind of clothes and looks even better without them, you agree don’t you folks? Don’t you ever think how can they maintain such a gorgeous figure? The answer is right in front of you folks – strippers stripping and dancing without or without poles gives them major exercise which helps in maintaining their body, toning and tightening those muscles and makes them lean and stunning.

Strippers- how they maintain their gorgeous figure?

Do not think that whet the strippers do at night is easy dear friends, it’s the absolutely opposite. Strippers have a lot of self confidence and a body to die for but both comes at a high cost which they paid to have what they have now – a superb confident and sexy figure which men and also some women ogles while men’s imagination flies over their brains, the women thinks, “how on earth did she get a body like that” – isn’t it? It is quite an obvious fact that dancing burns loads of calories and every night dancing for such a prolong period of times will surely help you to reduce few pounds easily guaranteed.

Pole dancing is one of the secrets behind the perfect figure of the strippers

Some strippers in Los Angeles are extra health conscious to keep their body in perfect size. They opt for various exercise regimes such as jogging and yoga, power yoga in their free time but the best exercise for strong and lean muscles is the pole dancing routine which they have to do every night. Pole dancing is a beautiful, exotic and sexy dance but it needs a lot of training and practice and the things a stripper can do with the pole needs a lot of balance and great strength. People who are viewers can only see the beautiful lady dancing on the pole and moving her body like electricity but it takes a lot of stamina and dedicated to learn and perform pole dancing each and every night.

Few exercises which will help you get the body like strippers

Few exercises which will help you to get a body like strippers are squats which strengthen and tones up your legs and lower body muscles and push up which makes your arms strong and powerful to lift your body weight. Lunges and hanging crunches are also extremely effective.

Great Literary Hoaxes

Margaret B. Jones published “Love and Consequences” in 2008 as a memoir of her life as an abused half black, half native child foster child when in fact she is a white woman from a middle class neighborhood.
“Misha: A Memoire of the Holocaust Years” was written by Misha Defonseca in 1997. The book was a Bestseller and was translated into 18 languages, and made into a feature film in France. However, the author admitted in February 2008 that her story of trekking across Europe with a pack of wolves during the Holocaust wasn’t true. Apparently she’s not even Jewish.
James Frey wrote his 2003 memoir, A Million Little Pieces, about a 23-year-old alcoholic drug abuser who manages to get his life back together with the help of a Twelve Steps-oriented treatment center. Frey eventually admitted to fabricating large portions of the book and left a swindled Oprah apologizing to the world for defending him. Even though the books publisher was forced to offer money back to dissatisfied customers, the book continues to sell as a work of fiction.

JT LeRoy, aka Laura Albert… not only picked a pseudonym but made up a fake background and even sent a friend to impersonate LeRoy on book tours. Albert kept up the HIV-positive former drug addicted hustler double life for several years and managed to squeeze out a few bestsellers(“Sarah” and “The Heart Is Deceitful Above All Things”) before the hammer dropped.

Timothy Patrick Barrus wrote three ‘memoirs’ under the pseudonym Nasdijj: “The Blood Runs Like a River Through My Dreams” (2000), “The Boy and the Dog Are Sleeping” (2003) and “Geronimo’s Bones: A Memoir of My Brother and Me” (2004). Within them he claimed to be of Navajo heritage with abusive parents until LA Weekly blew the story open.

In 1999 Michael Pelligrino fooled US publisher Simon & Schuster into thinking that he was Michael Gambino, grandson of Mafioso Carlo Gambino, and went on to write `The Honored Society` a book that was supposedly based on his own experiences as a gangster. The pack of lies was exposed when a legitimate Gambino family member heard about the book and had his lawyers blow the whistle.

Binjamin Wilkomirski (aka Bruno Grosjean) wrote “Fragments”, a supposed Holocaust memoir, in 1996. The book recalled the horrors of two Nazi death camps in Poland and the book won the National Jewish Book Award for an autobiography. In 1999 a historian investigated accusations against the author it was discovered that Wilkomirski was actually Swiss a man named Bruno Grosjean who had never been in a camp.

Anthony Godby Johnson was credited for writing “A Rock and a Hard Place” in 1993. The story involves a 14-year-old HIV-positive boy describing the sexual abuse he suffers. A group of journalists eventually uncovered that Anthony didn’t exist and the story was totally fictional. The novel had been written by Vicki Fraginals, who claimed to be Anthony’s foster mother and impersonated the fictional child in telephone interviews.

Marlo Morgan, caused a stir among Australian Aboriginal groups when she published “Mutant Message Down Under” in 1994. The book claimed to be a memoir of her time spent with Aboriginals. After a number of protests by Aboriginal groups, claims that Morgan invented large portions of the book, and insights suggesting that she may have never stepped foot on the continent, the book is now published as fiction.

Forbidden Love (also called Honor Lost in the United States) was written by Norma Khouri (pen name of Norma Bagain Toliopoulos). It is the story the writers Jordanian friend who’s love for a Christian soldier had been kept secret from her Muslim father due to conflict in religion. When the father eventually finds out and consequently stabs his daughter to death in a so-called honor killing. In 2004 Sydney Morning Herald journalist Malcolm Knox discovered that book was a hoax leaving us with another work of fiction.

Asa Cater, a white Ku Klux Klan member published “The Education of Little Tree” in 1977 under the pen name Forrest Carter. The book is described as a memoir of Carter, who as a Cherokee orphan who battled racism and struggled to find his heritage. By the 1990s Asa was discovered to be the actual writer of the book and publishers re-classified it as fiction. It was around this time that Oprah removed the book from her list of picks.

Clifford Irving forged letters and signatures and created false names for Swiss bank accounts in an attempt to earn $750,000 for writing a fake biography of the reclusive Howard Hughes.

“Go Ask Alice,” by Anonymous, is the diary of a teenage girl who’d died of a drug overdose which was published as a cautionary tale to deter foolhardy teens from following in her footsteps. However it was eventually revealed that the book’s “editor,” Beatrice Sparks, was also the books author and the anonymous girl was in fact fictitious. The controversy didn’t deter Sparks, who went on to produce many other similar “diaries” about troubled adolescents.

Historical Hoaxes

Maria Monk’s book “Awful Disclosures of Maria Monk, or, The Hidden Secrets of a
Nun’s Life in a Convent Exposed” was published in January 1836. The book is about the seven years that Monk spent at the convent of the Hôtel-Dieu where was forced to have sex with priests who killed the illegitimate babies and made uncooperative nuns disappear. After several investigations it was discovered that building descriptions in the book did not match the actual building and that the claims of the book were false. Moreover, Monk herself was found to have suffered brain damage as a child and had trouble distinguishing fact and fantasy and it is believed she may have been manipulated into the role by publishers.

In the 1840s Reverend Johann Wilhelm Meinhold claimed to have discovered a manuscript written by Abraham Schweidler, a former minister of the old Coserow Church. Meinhold then published the story of Mary Schweidler: The Amber Witch in German as a fact based instructional document for the avoidance of witchcraft. Critics believed it to be authentic and it was only in later editions that the author admitted to it being a work of fiction. This book contains a hoax within the hoax as the English translator Lady Duff-Gordon gave herself credit as author in 1861 denying the original German edition until she was later found out.

In the late 1700s, Thomas Chatterton claimed to have found poems written by a 15th century monk named Thomas Rowley. When it was discovered that Chatterton had written them himself and the young poet panicked killing himself with arsenic. His work was eventually published after his death, and he became a beacon of inspiration to Romantic poets everywhere.

Also in the 1700s James Macpherson claimed a translation of the 3rd century epic Gaelic poet Ossian, it took nearly a century to prove that Macpherson had written them himself.

Hoaxes designed to expose

In an effort to show how literature in America had become mindlessly vulgar a group of writers at Newsday wrote “Naked Came the Stranger” in 1969, going into explicit detail about the sexual adventures of a suburban housewife. When it was found out that the author Penelope Ashe was in fact 25 Newsday writers, sales of the book were left unchanged.

A group of Science Fiction writers got together in 2005 to write book so bad it would be deemed un-publishable by any proper publisher. Each chapter of Atlanta Nights was written by a different author, including both chapter 12s and chapter 34 which was written by a computer program. The only chapter not written by a different author was the non existent chapter 21. The project was to test PublishAmerica s claim that they were a traditional publisher of high quality work, the manuscript was accepted but once the hoax was reveled they re-evaluated their decision and eventually rejected the book. The author group then self published the book on a lark under the pseudonym Travis Tea.

Ern Malley wasn’t an Australian mechanic turned poet, but the creation of James McAuley and Harold Stewart. The pair of poets wrote a set of poems and created an elaborate, albeit fake, back story for Erm Malley. As they hoped the poems were published in an effort to discredit the Australian poetry magazine Angry Penguins. The events all played out as planned and Erm Malley remains one of Australia’s greatest literary hoaxes.

In the mid 1950s, New York radio personality Jean Shepherd was outraged by the way bestseller lists were created. At the time the lists were composed of books sold as well as requests for books at a bookstore. Shepherd urged listeners to go to their local bookstores to demand “I, Libertine,” by Frederick C. Ewing when neither the book nor the author existed. The gag created a sensation and convinced, bestseller list creators that their methods were outdated and also got Sheppard a book deal to actually write the fake book.

Can Complete Skateboards Be A Solution To Child Obesity?

Can complete skateboards really help a child or even an adult be healthier and more fit in life? Is there proof that skateboards can help kids, teens, and even adults stay healthy, both physically and mentally. Can teachers really make a difference by introducing complete skateboards to kids at schools? With the obesity rate of children at twenty percent and rising, do parents have a chance to make a difference or is it too late? These are just some of the questions that we will answer regarding the effects complete skateboards, schools, and parents could have on the fight against child obesity.

Riding skateboards have proven to help children, teens, and even adults stay healthier, both physically and mentally. The proof is on neighborhood streets, local skate parks, even at your states skateboard competitions. If you notice when you see a skater or a kid riding a complete skateboard you will notice how healthy and fit they really are. That is the physical proof that riding a skateboard does help burn calories and build muscle. Did you know that riding one for one hour constantly actually burns four hundred and thirty calories? In fact performing skateboard tricks on a skateboard can even be healthier mentally. When a kid learns to ride a complete skateboard and then starts to learn skateboard tricks, it makes their self-esteem go way up. As a result, they actually accomplish something and feel good about it. Lets face it skateboarding is a way for kids to get quality exercise and have a lot of fun at the same time.

Some schools have started to include skateboards as part of their physical education programs as a way to fight obesity. Riding skateboards in P.E. are helping kids get healthier all around the world. Teachers are stepping up and realizing that complete skateboards do make a huge difference in a child’s health. There is a company called Skate pass that is joining with schools all over the world. They are showing kids, teachers, and parents that riding complete skateboards help burn calories, increases heart rate, and builds quality muscle in the legs, arms and cardiovascular system. Schools have even noticed that when kids got involved in riding complete skateboards in P.E. that they could not wait to go back to school the next day. This in turn has improved school attendance and school truancy. With video games keeping kids indoors for hours in a day, and child obesity more than tripling in the last thirty years, I believe this is a sign from all kids that riding skateboards fills a craving that has been inside of them for many years.

Parents are the biggest link to the success of bringing our countries child obesity rates down from the twenty percent it is at right now. Even the first lady of the United States of America is setting a goal of bringing that twenty percent down to five percent. The first lady and teachers cannot do it alone. Parents must get more involved with their kids. In fact, they need to make sure that their kids drink more milk and water instead of sodas and Gatorade and eat more fruits and veggies instead of chips and cookies. If parents were to get more involved with their children, by investing in a couple of skateboards, this would not only help them be healthier but it would bring them much closer together as a family. With the world these days, being so fast paced parents must realize that their kids just want attention from them. Furthermore, they just want to be recognized and maybe praised occasionally.

Everyone in the U.S. and many other countries understand that we have a major problem with our kids when it comes to obesity. It is important to realize that child obesity can be beat with parents, schools, and complete skateboards coming together. The proof that riding skateboards does keep kids, teens, and adults fit, is all around us every day. Complete skateboards are not that expensive, especially for what it can do for your child’s future in being healthy and fit. In fact, for the price of two popular video games you can buy a brand new name brand complete skateboard and still have money left over to spend on skateboard protective gear. In conclusion, the best thing parents can do right now to get their kids or even themselves healthier and fit is to invest in a skateboard or two and get involved with their child or teen. I believe that parents can find one hour every day in their busy lifestyle to go outside with their child and practice riding one together. A loving parent and a complete skateboard can and will make a difference, not only with a child that is obese, but with any child period.

Four Good Methods Of Baby’s Logical Thinking Training

A grown adult has detailed and systemic logical thinking, and careful and rigorous reasoning capacity always represent with intelligent outstanding persons: from the great Detective “Sherlock Holmes” to business elite in today’s Society, all have admirable logical thinking! Therefore, currently many new parents who have good education background and excellent integrated literacy also increasingly be concern with the training of baby logical thinking capacity. Well then, how to get the baby to understand and grasp the representational and abstract logical thinking ability?

1. Distinguish the instinct, cognize the difference.

Child psychologists pointed out that the baby unable to form an abstract logical thinking, especially around 3 years old. but it does not mean that the parents in this period can ignore or even give up the baby’s thinking skills training and systemic training of abstract logical thinking. Instead, foreign scientists consider that logical thinking traning should start from earlystage. when the baby started babbling and try to communicate with people gradually, which should be the best time for baby’s abstract logical thinking training.

Understanding the difference of survival instincts between the adult and baby will be beneficial to help the baby to create the basic structure of logical thinking and growth; to provide reasonable and rich information of social, lifestyle, experience and scientific knowledge; to help parents better to understand the language external performance and body external performance in baby’s logical thinking; be beneficial to achieve communication of information between parents and baby in order to achieve good training for baby.

2. Real experience of logical training.

Foreign pre-school children experts and child psychologists had come up with some effective methods according to the characteristics of growth and development of young children. These methods can improve logical thinking ability of babies in their daily life.

A. Classification learning

The best way to train your baby of logical thinking ability is to teach baby to find relationships between all kinds of things and “try to classify them”. Classification learning can make baby learn to classify some of the commonly used items as a category according to the same identity and similarity, such as color, shape, size, purpose, and so on. Mom can show picture books to baby , and let them separate different categories from books, for axample: What is the character? What is the animal? What are the plants? What is stationery? And so on, then try to make out the different occupations and identity of these characters. In this process, parents should pay attention to guiding the baby to find a basis for classification. thus can be beneficial to baby’s focusing on small details of things, enhance the powers of observation from childhood.

B. Correlation method

The core factor of “Logical thinking” is to find the “internal relations” among everything. In daily life, parents can use a variety of ordinary household items or simple personal relationship to inspire the baby’s logical reasoning ability. Such as dinner time, mother can ask baby: What is the use of folks and bowls? Are they the same category as the mop at the corner? After dinner, Dad and baby can stand in front of the mirror together, father could ask: ” Look in the mirror, who is shorter? Who is higher? baby always call me ‘dad’, then what the baby is for dad? This effective method can use and extend the relationship among somethings which baby has known very well. and then to explore other relationships among the nature world and inspire baby to the future desire to explore.

C. Sorting

Understanding the concept: sort order , not only help improve the baby reading skills and learning ability in the future , but also being an important way of logical thinking training for baby. When we are training baby, the order can be from big to small, far to near, etc., even can be reversed order. And then help the baby to grasp “first”, “Second”, “third” and other ordinal numbers, and also teach baby how to count patiently. There are a lot of 2 ~ 3 years old baby can easily count from 1 to 10, even more, but not so much counting as reciting. Therefore, parents should materialize figures, such as one boy, two teachers, three flowers, etc., Make baby gradually transition to the “silent counting” from reading the number while pointing by fingers. In addition, parents should also make baby understand the various group things , such as large groups, small groups, so that your baby has a certain understanding of each group that all have cerntain parts. A large group contains many small groups, small groups are combined into large groups, such as, People ’ son ’ baby, plant ’ trees ’ coconut tree and so on.

D. Spatial methods

Some parents tend to consider that babies born to know “up and down, left and right, inside and outside, fornt and behind” and other spatial concepts, This is ,however, not the case actually. In daily life, parents should take advantage of every opportunity to lead babies acquire some spatial concept. Such as when preparing dinner at home, MOM can tell baby: “Please put the chopsticks on the table, please put the small spoon in a bowl. However, for the baby, parents needn’t rush to force him/her to grasp ”left and right”. More foreign experts considerd that commonly children around the age of 5 to 6 may be able to clearly distinguish between “left and right” .

Logic exercises and find fault with it

Actually, It’s not unattainable for parents to enhance the baby’s logical thinking ability. We can play some ” Find Fault” games to achieve more with less effort. For example, parents let babies listen to story seriously and and design some “cute” little errors specific to baby’s age and ability. You can say” what a cold day today! Dad back home and sweat heavily”, ” The weather was great, the baby went to kindergarten wearing a raincoat”….. And so on, through a simple kind of game, let your baby find out the error, you can nurture logical thinking and achieve the purpose of exercise.